One of the most common medical concerns with cats is urinary disease. If your cat has started to urinate outside the litterbox, he/she may have urinary tract disease. Symptoms include inappropriate urination, bloody urine, straining, or overgrooming at the urinary opening.
Cats should always be seen by a veterinarian at the first sign of a problem. Testing such as a urinalysis, urine culture, bladder xrays, or bloodwork may be done to try and diagnose the cause. Once infection, stones, and tumors have been ruled out, a common diagnosis is Feline Idiopathic Cystitis (FIC) which is an inflammatory disease of the bladder.
Indoor, young, overweight cats are at the highest risk for FIC, but any cat can be diagnosed with this. Stress also seems to play a large role in FIC, and often it is hard to determine if a cat is stressed or what the cause of the stress is.
Treatment for FIC is multimodal-often including pain medication, a 100% canned diet (possibly a prescription veterinary diet), and reducing stress with medications, supplements, or environmental changes.
Brentwood Veterinary Clinic carries several options for treating FIC-give us a call today if you think your cat may be displaying symptoms of urinary disease.
Dr. Brooke Frautschy